The principal focus of mathematics through primary education is to provide children with a secure and sound base of mathematical skills, knowledge and understanding. The overarching aims of the curriculum are to develop fluency, reasoning and problem solving skills across all strands of mathematics – from fractional thinking through to shape and space, measure, statistics and pure calculation.


In Key Stage 2 – years three to six – children develop their fluency with all operations and their accuracy and efficiency of written methods. They develop mathematical reasoning, allowing them to analyse shapes and their properties and make links between areas of maths.

As children move into their final years in primary, they develop their understanding of place value and work with increasingly large numbers. By the end of year six, children are expected to be fluent with all operations and working confidently with fractions, decimals and percentages. In addition they will have a secure understanding of the basics of geometry and algebra.